On a typical day, Robert would roll out of bed in his Oakland apartment– that is, if he went to sleep the night before – and get ready, not with a cup of coffee or shower, but with a hit of meth.
“It worked for a while using it like that, but then it all fell apart,” Robert recalled.
As a teenager, Robert started using meth for fun with friends. But by his 30s, Robert’s fierce meth craving was a monster that had to be constantly fed.
“I was stealing vehicles, committing burglaries, whatever it took to support my family and my drug use,” Robert said.
His addiction quickly spiraled into a never-ending cycle. Commit petty crimes. Get arrested. Go to jail. Clean up. Repeat. Always on the radar of law enforcement, Robert couldn’t see a way out.
Sadly, Robert’s story is all too common. In fact, nationwide, 7 out of 10 low-level felons are rearrested within three years of their release from jail. Often, for the same reasons that put them there in the first place. Addiction, with no hope of leading a different life.
It was this dismal recidivism rate that spurred District Attorney Nancy O’Malley to action.
“We kept seeing the same people coming into the system over and over again,” O’Malley said. “Someone convicted of a low-level felony would very often be back in the system within one year of their release.”
The District Attorney knew there had to be a better way.
“We can’t blame them for coming out of the system and returning to the same bad habits,” she explained. “We have to own the failure of people like Robert not being rehabilitated.”
What’s more, this vicious cycle comes with a hefty price tag when you tally up the money and resources dedicated to local police, the jails and the court system, as well as the toll on victims.
To attack the problem head-on, O’Malley gathered a group of experienced professionals - her assistant district attorneys, members of the legal and public health community, as well as Alameda County community leaders, counselors, and substance abuse experts, to find a better way to curb recidivism.
"We asked 'what can you do to change this paradigm ... what are we missing?'" O'Malley recalled.
The result was a program spearheaded by the Alameda County District Attorney’s office, with La Familia selected as the service provider. The Justice Restoration Project, designed to help about 150 young adults annually, is now in its third year and showing promise based on independent objective measurements of outcomes.
Funded through a state grant, matched by county money, and significant national support from philanthropic financial contributions, including social impact investors betting that by putting money upfront, the county will ultimately save money by decreasing the incidence of arrest, crime, and incarceration.
The program’s compassionate team understands all too well – most from first-hand experience – that there’s no easy fix. For those with felony records the challenges to a law-abiding life are many. Of the program’s participants who range from 18 to 34 years old, over half were addicted to drugs, 60% were homeless, and at least a third have moderate to severe mental illness.
For Robert, the journey to recovery would begin on a predawn summer morning in 2019.
He broke into an auto mechanic shop in Oakland and loaded tools into a stolen pick-up truck he had borrowed from a friend. Without a job, this was Robert’s main source of income. He stole tools, selling them for money to buy drugs, maybe some food and pay the rent.
The police noticed the stolen truck and pursued him. Robert tried to get away, but after a short chase, he pulled over.
"This was the hope I was looking for."
“I knew I was not going to get away,” Robert said. “It was just this familiar situation. To be honest, I was actually glad this happened right then. I needed help. I was not well. The addiction was taking a toll. I was just mentally and physically exhausted from the addiction and everything it brought on me.”
He was arrested and booked into Santa Rita Jail in Dublin. Robert had been here before, but this time was different. This time, he was offered a chance at successful rehabilitation.
The Justice Restoration Project DA team was able to identify Robert as having just been charged with a new crime and eligible for the program.
"The DA set up a system where the judges and sheriff allowed defendants to be offered the opportunity of ACJRP in court at the earliest stage of the criminal proceedings. DA and La Familia representatives worked together to go to the court rooms throughout the County to explain ACJRP to the attorneys of defendants and answer their questions. Defense Attorneys welcomed the opportunity and most defendants found the program to be almost too good to be true and enrolled."
It was explained that Robert had an opportunity to get help through peer support and that his goals for improvement would always be considered with respect. And the route would be different from his past experiences. Robert would be able to get out of jail almost immediately, but he would not return to his old life.
Robert would be held accountable to attend group meetings, receive substance abuse counseling, and check in with a therapist. Equally important, he’d communicate regularly with a “coach” specially trained in peer support. The ACJRP coaches were not only specially trained, they themselves had experienced incarceration and had struggled with similar challenges and issues.
Robert would be given vouchers for expenses, as well as job counseling and assistance finding employment, housing, and other support. But he would be eligible to stay in the program only as long as he steered clear of crime. If he committed a crime, Robert would fail the program and might be sent back to jail. Robert agreed.
“This was the hope I was looking for,” Robert said. “I knew it would be hard. I knew I would have to change some things to make this work, but I was willing to do anything. I wanted to be free of this addiction. I just wanted a normal life.”
Robert’s journey to getting the help he so desperately needed started at the front door of the Santa Rita Jail in Dublin. There is razor wire fencing around this sprawling concrete compound. A large parking lot leads to an imposing long concrete runway to the front doors of the jail.
It was there, a day later, that he met Rodney Gladney, a large man with an easy smile and warm demeanor. No stranger to incarceration himself, Gladney is the guy who picks you up from Santa Rita and brings you to the JRP offices in Oakland to get you started.
“So many people, you know, they walk out these doors, down these steps and to what?” Gladney said. “They get to the bottom of this ramp, and there is nothing waiting for them.” Gladney said he knows how it feels to depart jail with no money, no job, no housing, and no plans. More than likely, he said, they’ll return to the same bad influences.
“It’s really just a matter of time before you give into the old temptations,” he explained. “Maybe you got clean while you were in jail for six months, but it won’t take much time to slip back into the old habits.”
To be sure, Gladney doesn’t fit the social worker mold, and perhaps that’s his superpower as a Justice Restoration Project coach.
“They look at me as an equal,” Gladney explained. “They look at the tattoos, they look at the gold teeth, and they see an equal … ‘Hey, he could be one of us.’”
District Attorney O’Malley believes coaches like Rodney Gladney are crucial to rehabilitation. They are sharing their own experiences, working with people in a supportive and engaging way to achieve their goals.
“I feel like it’s my job to make sure this person doesn’t walk through those jail doors again,” Gladney said.
The Justice Restoration Project offers substance abuse programs, employment assistance, and a host of motivational meetings. Importantly, it’s a safety net, when a participant is faced with hard choices.
“Without this program, I don’t know if I could refrain from doing further crimes,” Robert said.
He recalled when his re-entry coach Adam helped him out with a rent payment. “I didn’t have to resort to crime or be evicted. This program has given me hope; I feel like doing the right thing is going to pay off for me.”
Through ACJRP Robert successfully turned his life around and graduation with dismissal of his case is only a couple weeks away. Robert’s confidence is inspiring, and he has a bright and hopeful future ahead.
When 33-year-old Maria was just a little girl, her parents moved from Mexico to Oakland.
Her dad went to work in a restaurant, and her mom became a housekeeping manager at an Oakland hotel. They found housing in one of the rougher neighborhoods. So rough that Maria and her siblings were not allowed to go outside to play.
“I was the youngest of four siblings,” Maria said. “And actually, I do not remember why we left Mexico. I remember life was good – we had everything we needed, but my parents decided it was time to move. So, we did.”
Drugs, Homelessness, Jail: Maria’s Downward Slide
Once she started high school, she discovered that to be accepted, you needed to behave a certain way. Sometimes that meant cutting school. To further complicate matters, her parents separated, leaving Maria devastated and depressed.
“I really just did not care about anything anymore,” she said. “Once my parents split up, I just got more and more into drugs, skipping class, hanging with the wrong crowd.”
Left unsupervised, Maria started smoking and drinking. Eventually, she would try crystal meth, and it was from there that Maria’s drug problem would quickly escalate. Arrested at 18, her drug problems only became worse.
“I started running the streets, I left my house, and I was living on the streets and doing other things I shouldn’t have done, but I did, just to survive,” Maria said.
This behavior would eventually land her in jail, separated from her little boy, who was now in the care of her mother. Not surprisingly, jail’s revolving door took its toll on Maria, her mom, and her son.
“I would go in, get clean and then come out,” Maria said. “But then, I would just find my way back to the drugs, which led to other issues. I could not break free of it once I got out of jail.”
She said losing custody of her son was her biggest wake-up call.
Maria was one of the first participants in the Justice Restoration Project. With the help of the Alameda County DA and the staff at La Familia, Maria got the support, guidance, and opportunity she needed. She got sober and landed a job. After completing the program, she regained custody of her son.
“In the end, I wanted to end this cycle so I could reunite with my son,” she said. “He is everything to me, and now I have the support I needed to get my life on track and to be the mom I knew I could be – that I wanted to be.”
Maria said she could not have done any of it without her coach Adam, who “always had the right words,” and offered support and suggestions to help her navigate the most difficult times. Through Adam, Maria realized that if she succeeded in ACJRP her success could help others have the same opportunity, and she remembers the importance of Adam’s motivation.
Now Maria has followed in the footsteps of people like Adam and Rodney Gladney. She currently works as a bilingual advocate for A Better Way, Inc., a San Francisco Bay Area nonprofit that empowers children and families to develop the life skills to promote their social, emotional, and economic well-being.
Maria and her mom bought a home, and more recently Maria erased her felony conviction by successfully completing ACJRP. The Alameda County Family Justice Center, founded by DA O’Malley, is now providing Maria with direct support and navigation to help her to continue improving her life. Members of the DA ACJRP team are also helping Maria after her graduation from ACJRP.
La Familia and the DA’s office are always improving transition plans to provide for individual needs and a continuum of support. Even after 18 months of ACJRP services, and even after graduation from ACJRP in 24 months there may be additional needs such as legal services, and counseling. Also better opportunities become available after ACJRP graduation, such as education, job training and good jobs with a living wage.
Life experience provides an important link for those who find themselves lucky enough to be in the ACJRP program. Part of that experience is brought by people like Doug Butler. Doug successfully rebuilt his life after serving a long prison sentence for murder. For years now, Doug has specialized in helping individuals build better lives, often through getting quality jobs that that can turn into careers with a living wage. Doug was hired by DA O’Malley in 2018 to team up with another program veteran, Lisa Adams. Lisa had already been working on the ACJRP team for some time as a DA specialist in coordination with La Familia. Lisa had previously served state and federal prison terms and yet she rebuilt her life before being recruited by the DA’s office. Today, Lisa and Doug are leaders in the community working to improve lives, especially through career building, as a way to reduce recidivism and improve public safety. DA O’Malley was inspired by the saying that “nothing stops a bullet like a job.” DA O’Malley brought nationally certified peer support training to Alameda County and all the ACJRP coaches have earned advanced certification side by side with Doug and Lisa, and the Assistant DA who oversees ACJRP. Matching excellent peer support training with significant experience in the criminal justice system has proved to be a success in ACJRP and beyond, for those served and those who support them.
“Justice Restoration Project provides a pathway for a better life,” DA O’Malley said. “Under the leadership of the District Attorney’s Office, we are changing the paradigm from simply supervision-based probation, to building outcomes of success. We understand that recidivism is a problem that affects communities throughout the county, the state, and the nation.”
Repeatedly jailing low-level felony offenders and monitoring them through probation without providing support and opportunities for employment doesn’t work and is a bad use of taxpayer dollars. Instead, O’Malley sees the benefits of hands-on rehabilitation in the successes of participants like Robert and Maria and envisions the Justice Restoration Project as a model for the future. ACJRP is a new way of breaking the destructive cycle of recidivism and incarceration among low-level felony offenders by helping them build better - more hopeful lives, and improving Public Safety at the same time.